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Abhishek Jha

Abhishek Jha is a data journalist. He analyses public data for finding news, with a focus on the environment, Indian politics and economy, and Covid-19.

Articles by Abhishek Jha

The decade of Mandal versus Kamandal

The years from 1989 to 1998 would confirm that the revival of the Congress was not to be. Instead, the BJP was resurgent. And Mandal parties would become their main competitor across a range of seats, in a trend that persists today.

Empty ballot boxes at a storage yard. (HT Photo)
Updated on Apr 05, 2024 01:41 PM IST

The limits of anti-Congress politics

The first non-Congress government at the Centre was sworn in soon after Emergency, in 1977. It lasted less than three years. What followed was a rather misleading triumph for the Congress, however. The 1984 election would, in fact, mark the end of single-party dominance for a long time in India.

Election workers count ballot papers. (HT Photo)
Updated on Apr 05, 2024 01:37 PM IST

The making and unmaking of Indira Gandhi

Let three charts narrate the story of one of the most influential politicans in India's modern history.

Indira Gandhi studies a board bearing election results. (HT Photo)
Updated on Apr 05, 2024 01:35 PM IST

An age of Congress dominance

In the early years, voter turnout was much lower than it is today, the Congress’s political dominance was much greater than anything seen since. See the story in four charts.

Jawaharlal Nehru addresses a public rally. (HT Photo)
Updated on Apr 05, 2024 01:33 PM IST

Number Theory: Statistical deviations made February weather better, not worse

February 2024 was among the top 20 warmest or coolest since 1951 in all states where the temperature deviated by 1°C on either side of the normal.

Spring flowers begin to bloom across Delhi as the weather becomes warmer. (Shutterstock)
Published on Mar 04, 2024 08:43 AM IST

Economic survey: What’s helping Delhi economy revive after the pandemic?

The gradual revival of Delhi’s GDP growth makes it important to ask which sectors are leading the revival of Delhi’s economy

The secondary sector – this comprises manufacturing, electricity, gas, water supply and other utility services, and construction sub-sectors – has contributed <span class='webrupee'>₹</span>15.02 lakh crore or 22% to the growth in Delhi’s GVA since 2019-20. (AFP)
Updated on Mar 02, 2024 07:18 AM IST

Eco survey: Delhi per capita income 4.62L

The recovery in Delhi’s GDP after the pandemic is, however, yet to pass through to the trade, hotels, and restaurants sector of the economy

Delhi's finance minister Atishi presents 'Economic Survey of Delhi 2023-24' at Delhi Assembly in New Delhi, India, on Friday. (HT Photo)
Updated on Mar 02, 2024 05:32 AM IST
By, New Delhi

Number Theory: Why junking electoral bonds alone won't achieve much

This is the second of a two-part series on India’s political finance. The first part looked at how electoral bonds changed India’s political funding.

Representational image (AFP)
Published on Feb 28, 2024 08:22 AM IST

Number Theory: India's consumption spending numbers explained in 4 charts

The slowest growth in average consumption spending was seen between the 1999-2000 and 2004-05 Consumption Expenditure Survey rounds.

Representational image.(Unsplash)
Published on Feb 26, 2024 08:25 AM IST

First consumption data released after 2011-2012

While declining food spending has been a long-term trend in CES data, this number has fallen below 50% for the first time in rural India

Representative Image. (File)
Updated on Feb 25, 2024 05:01 AM IST

Number Theory: How formidable is the SP-Congress alliance in UP?

The SP’s performance has been largely consistent in terms of vote share, unlike the Congress which has seen a long-term decline in vote share barring 2009.

Akhilesh Yadav and Rahul Gandhi
Published on Feb 23, 2024 09:28 AM IST

Number Theory: This winter is a winter of extremes

India’s snow pack has been the lowest in satellite records since 2000-01 on every day starting November 13

This winter has averaged a warmer-than-normal minimum temperature and a cooler-than-normal maximum temperature.(Reuters)
Published on Feb 16, 2024 06:56 PM IST

Number Theory: Looking back at Sonia Gandhi’s Lok Sabha career

Both in terms of victory margin and vote share, Sonia Gandhi reached the peak of her electoral career in the 2006 by-election to the Rae Bareli seat in UP

Sonia Gandhi, 77, filed the nomination papers for Rajya Sabha on Wednesday(AP FILE PHOTO)
Published on Feb 15, 2024 07:41 PM IST
By, New Delhi

Number Theory: Three charts that explain the farmers' demand for MSP guarantees

A mindless expansion of MSP operations without a critical look at their existing structure can do more bad than good.

Police use tear gas shells to disperse farmers during their 'Delhi Chalo' march at Punjab-Haryana Shambhu border, near Patiala.(PTI)
Published on Feb 13, 2024 07:51 PM IST

Urban unemployment in India lowest since June 2018

India's urban unemployment rate dropped to 6.5% in Q4 2023, the lowest since Q2 2018. However, concerns remain over the quality of jobs as unpaid employment increased.

Survey showed the unemployment rate was 6.5% in the December quarter, 0.7 percentage point lower than in year-ago three months. (Sanchit Khanna/HT PHOTO)
Updated on Feb 13, 2024 08:46 AM IST

Number Theory: Are there long-term changes happening in western disturbances?

One reason IMD scientists cited for low snowfall this winter was that strong western disturbances were not arriving over India.

Homeless people sit around a bonfire on a cold winter morning under a National Highway flyover in Gurugram. (Parveen Kumar/HT Photo)
Published on Feb 12, 2024 08:25 AM IST

Number Theory: Can the BJP win 370 seats in Lok Sabha polls?

One way to answer this question is to look at how much the BJP will have to gain compared to previous elections to achieve this target.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi predicted on Monday that the NDA will cross the 400 mark in the 2024 Lok Sabha elections.(HT File Photo/Sanchit Khanna)
Updated on Feb 07, 2024 12:32 AM IST

Mfg recovers from pandemicdisruption: ASI

In terms of numbers, the average factory in the ASI sample frame is much bigger and the number of average workers per factory higher at 54.4 in 2021-22, compared to 50.3 in 2020-21 and 53 in 2019-20

According to data, the disruption of organized manufacturing might have contributed to the reverse migration seen during the Covid-19 pandemic, but this reversed itself by 2021-22. (AFP/ Representational Use)
Updated on Feb 06, 2024 08:32 AM IST

Number Theory: Western disturbances decreased temperatures, not rain deficit

Western disturbances have helped bring rain and snow to north-western India since the last week of January.

A boy walks on a snow-covered hilly road after fresh snowfall in the outskirts of Srinagar on Friday(Waseem Andrabi /HT PHOTO)
Published on Feb 03, 2024 01:09 AM IST

Interim budget 2024-25: Capex raised to 3.4% of GDP despite fiscal consolidation

The capital spending in 2024-25 will be ₹11,11,111 crore, a number which is more like an auspicious figure than a hard-headed budgetary allocation.

Union finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced the interim budget on Thursday. (AFP)
Updated on Feb 02, 2024 12:43 AM IST

Number Theory: Ten years of Modi government and the Indian economy - I

This two-part data journalism series seeks to evaluate the economic performance of the Narendra Modi government which has been in office for 10 years

The run-up to the 2024-25 interim budget is a good opportunity to evaluate the economic performance of the Narendra Modi government which has been in office for 10 years. (AFP FILE PHOTO)
Updated on Feb 03, 2024 12:03 PM IST

Number Theory: How little snowfall has India received this January?

Historical average shows that this time of the year, more than half of J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and almost all of Ladakh should be covered with snow

A glimpse of the snow-clad upper reaches of the Himalayas in J&K's Bandipora on January 27.(ANI Photo)
Updated on Jan 29, 2024 07:54 AM IST

Number Theory: Can India become self-sufficient in pulses?

Pulses are an important source of protein in non-meat-eating households

Union minister Amit Shah said the country should become self-reliant in pulses by December 2027(HT FILE/Bachchan Kumar)
Published on Jan 24, 2024 06:21 PM IST

Number Theory: The importance of pilgrims in tourism economy

According to the NSSO survey, the average religious or pilgrimage trip generated a bill of ₹2,717 in 2014-15. This is the third-lowest bill

Representative Photo
Updated on Jan 21, 2024 01:29 PM IST

Number Theory: How important are pilgrims among domestic tourists in India?

The run-up to the inauguration of the Ram temple in Ayodhya has generated discussions on the economic potential of religious tourism in India

Representative Photo
Updated on Jan 21, 2024 01:15 PM IST

Number Theory: Dim picture of India’s demographic dividend

Government surveys such as the Periodic Labour Force Survey suggest that 75% of India's 14-18 year olds live in rural areas

The findings indicate that schools are not of much help in educating students about really promising avenues of work or career building.(Reuters)
Updated on Jan 17, 2024 07:53 PM IST

Number Theory: Record fires in Uttarakhand, Himachal and J&K as winter turns dry

An HT analysis of satellite data suggests that fires in the two hill states and Jammu & Kashmir are unprecedented this January

Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir have reported 1102, 925, and 486 fires from January 1 to January 15(ANI)
Published on Jan 16, 2024 05:07 PM IST
By, New Delhi

Number Theory: Will the BSP play a role in this year's elections?

With the BJP becoming a dominant party, a lot of the non-SC support, and perhaps even non-Jatav SC support the BSP enjoyed, has gone back to the BJP

BSP chief Mayawati at a press conference on her birthday in Lucknow on Monday.(ANI Photo)
Updated on Jan 16, 2024 08:34 AM IST

Number Theory: How sea surface temperatures broke records in 2023

Sea surface temperatures are important because sea temperature is among the big drivers of global climate

Warmer oceans lead to more water vapour in the atmosphere, which feeds weather events like rainfall, snowfall, and cyclones.(FILE AFP)
Updated on Jan 11, 2024 08:41 PM IST

Number Theory: What does 1.48°C warming in 2023 mean?

While there is still some distance to go before the 1.5°C target is breached, 2023 is the biggest step towards that target in the 10-year and 30-year averages

In all datasets, 2023 is likely to be the warmest year and by a big margin.(Representational Photo/ Creative Commons)
Updated on Jan 10, 2024 04:46 PM IST
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