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Pavitra Kanagaraj

Pavitra Kanagaraj is a data journalist. She uses public and private datasets to cover economy, women, and politics. Prior to HT, she did macroeconomic research at UNESCAP and ERF. She co-founded the Rethinking Economics chapter at JNU in 2021.

Articles by Pavitra Kanagaraj

Number Theory: Decoding the push for a global minimum tax

The Council of the European Union approved a directive to introduce a 15% minimum levy on large multinational businesses to eliminate tax avoidance and end a race to the bottom in corporate taxation on December 15.

Number Theory: Decoding the push for a global minimum tax
Updated on Dec 27, 2022 07:06 AM IST

Dec 16 horror: How courts, cops dealt with rapes since 2012

An HT analysis uses the Crime in India (CII) reports from the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) to answer these questions in detail in three charts

Data on Delhi’s charge-sheeting rates for rape crimes are not available since NCRB stopped publishing this figure after 2015 (File Photo)
Updated on Dec 16, 2022 11:49 AM IST
By, New Delhi

WPI eases to 21-month low of 5.85%

While the numbers point to an ebbing of inflationary pressures, and could result in the Reserve Bank of India’s Monetary Policy Committee moving to a neutral stance when it meets in February, the increase in wheat prices could present a challenge in coming months.

WPI eases to 21-month low of 5.85%
Updated on Dec 15, 2022 05:17 AM IST
By, New Delhi

Number theory: Understanding inflation and the IIP numbers

The National Statistical Office (NSO) released the numbers for Consumer Price Index (CPI) for November and Index of Industrial Production (IIP) for October on December 12. CPI growth fell to 5.88% in November, and IIP contracted 4% in October. What is the larger macroeconomic takeaway of these numbers?

Representational image(AFP)
Updated on Dec 13, 2022 10:51 AM IST

Seat share vs vote share: Congress’s victory maths in Himachal

While the Congress’s seat share to vote share ratio has increased significantly from 0.74 to 1.34 between 2017 and 2022, the BJP’s has fallen sharply from 1.33 to 0.85.

Congress supporters celebrate the party’s victory in Kullu.region of Himachal Pradesh (HT PHoto/Aqil Khan)(HT_PRINT)
Updated on Dec 09, 2022 04:07 PM IST

Number Theory: What do corporate results tell us about the economy?

After bouncing back from the second wave of the Covid-19 in the quarter ending September 2021, inflation-adjusted sales rose continuously for the subsequent three quarters till June this year.

Representational image.(Pradeep Gaur/Mint)
Updated on Dec 07, 2022 02:37 PM IST

Women and the menace of intimate partner violence

The gruesome case involving 26-year old Shraddha Walkar, allegedly killed by her partner Aaftab Amin Poonawala has brought to fore the menace of intimate partner violence in the country.

Representational image(Unsplash)
Updated on Nov 18, 2022 03:28 PM IST
By, New Delhi

Number theory: Economic importance of G20 as India takes its presidency

At the closing session of the G20 summit in Bali, Indonesia, Prime Minister Narendra Modi officially took over the presidency of the group and promised to make it a “catalyst for global change” at a “time when the world is simultaneously grappling with geopolitical tensions, economic slowdown, rising food and energy prices and the long-term ill-effects of the pandemic”.

G20 Summit.(AFP)
Updated on Nov 17, 2022 03:32 PM IST

The challenges ahead of Lula’s 3rd term in Brazil

An HT analysis of Brazil’s official statistics sheds light on these imminent challenges ahead for Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva

Brazil's Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva speaks during a meeting with members of the government transition team in Brasilia,(Reuters)
Updated on Nov 14, 2022 04:28 PM IST

Number Theory: Is there a China angle to India’s trade deficit?

Numbers from the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) database for the April-August period show that India’s trade deficit in 2022-23 is the highest even if one were to take out the petroleum product sub-component from the country’s merchandise trade.

While India’s trade deficit with China is at an all-time high for the April-July period in the current fiscal year, trade deficit excluding China is also the highest ever.(Arvind Yadav/HT file photo)
Updated on Sep 22, 2022 11:01 AM IST
By, Hindustan Times, New Delhi

Number Theory: Which are India’s safest (and most unsafe) cities?

The 2021 Crime in India (CII) report published by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) shows that Kolkata had the lowest crime rate among 19 major cities in India, and Delhi had the highest.

The Howrah Bridge in Kolkata. The West Bengal capital has the lowest crime rate among 19 major cities in India
Updated on Sep 19, 2022 01:41 PM IST

Number Theory: Should India privatise its public sector banks?

Whether or not the government privatises PSBs, private banks have been operating in India for a long time.

While bank nationalization has played a progressive role, especially on the financial inclusion front, it has also given immense power to the government.(Representative image)
Updated on Aug 26, 2022 12:13 PM IST
By, Hindustan Times, New Delhi

What does the latest IMF forecast mean for the world and India?

The International Monetary Fund on July 26 released an update to the April 2022 edition of its World Economic Outlook

Global GDP growth, according to the IMF’s latest projections, is expected to be 3.2% and 2.9% in 2022 and 2023, respectively.(AFP)
Updated on Aug 01, 2022 12:07 PM IST

Number Theory: The economic legacy left behind by Shinzo Abe

Shinzo Abe’s administration set itself a target of taking Japan’s nominal GDP to 600 trillion yen by 2020. This target has not materialised even in 2022, when Japan’s nominal GDP was 557 trillion yen.

In an attempt to boost Japan’s military presence, Abe wanted to bring out a domestic reform to move away from the six decades of state pacifism embedded in the Japanese constitution.(AP file photo)
Updated on Jul 23, 2022 04:51 AM IST

Five charts that summarise UN’s population report

India will become the most populous country in the world next year, overtaking China, the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs said in its 2022 World Population Prospects (WPP) report released on Monday.

 (ANI)
Updated on Jul 12, 2022 10:42 AM IST

Political economy of inflation across advanced economies

The first of this two-part data journalism series looked at various aspects of inflation in advanced countries and underlined the differences between inflation in the US and Euro area economies. This part will look at the political economy around inflation in this region.

In a sharp downward revision from its April forecast of 3.7%, the IMF now expects the US economy to grow at 2.9% in 2022.(Li Ying/Xinhua/picture alliance )
Updated on Jul 12, 2022 10:22 AM IST

Understanding inflation in advanced economies

Almost all advanced economies in the world are debating with the growth versus inflation question at the moment. While inflation numbers have been breaking records, central banks and monetary hawks are increasing the pitch for more radical monetary policy action to contain prices even if it generates headwinds for growth momentum.

 (REUTERS)
Updated on Jul 07, 2022 01:21 PM IST

Why overturning Roe vs Wade will hurt America

How many women seek abortion in US? What does this rule mean for them? What will be the economic consequences? Is the impact similar across 51 US states?

 (REUTERS)
Updated on Jun 29, 2022 11:29 AM IST

Analysts rerate economy’s prospects despite robust HFI data

Two key economic indicators, monthly Goods and Services Tax (GST) collection for the month of May ( it captures economic activity in the month of April ) and Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) for manufacturing, painted a strong picture of the ongoing economic recovery.

Despite an improvement in new orders including exports, and rise in manufacturing jobs “business sentiment was dampened by inflation concerns in May, S&P Global said in a release. (AP file photo. Representative image)
Updated on Jun 03, 2022 05:00 PM IST

Number Theory: Understanding India’s women empowerment, or the lack of it

The NFHS data show that 88.7% of married women (aged 15-49 years) had their say (alone or jointly with husbands) in at least one of the decisions on health care for self, major household purchases, and visits to her family and relatives.

Indian women have to fight it out in the labour market with the proverbial situation of one hand tied behind their backs. (HT Photo)
Updated on May 30, 2022 11:49 AM IST

Number theory: Share of meat eaters in India grew since 2015-16

From the lynching of Mohammad Akhlaq in Uttar Pradesh in September 2015 to debates on providing eggs in mid-day meals in schools to municipalities ordering that meat shops be shut during Hindu religious festivals, meat eating has consistently courted political controversy.

 (Hindustan Times)
Updated on May 25, 2022 01:04 PM IST
ByBy Pavitra Kanagaraj

Five key messages from analysis of state budgets

All Indian states and union territories have presented their state budgets for 2022-23

A research note dated April 18 by SBI chief economist Soumya Kanti Ghosh put the 2022-23 consolidated gross fiscal deficit to GSDP ratio for 18 states at 3.4%.(Mint)
Updated on May 23, 2022 11:15 AM IST

Number theory: Understanding India’s trade deal with the UK

The deal in the works, like India’s other regional and bilateral trade agreements is quite ambitious.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his British counterpart Boris Johnson, New Delhi, April 22, 2022 (REUTERS)
Updated on Apr 29, 2022 11:59 AM IST
By, New Delhi

How the Pakistani economy unravelled under Imran Khan

On April 10, cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan stepped down as Pakistan’s prime minister

Ousted Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan gestures as he addresses supporters during a rally, in Karachi, Pakistan.(REUTERS)
Updated on Apr 19, 2022 04:10 PM IST

What will India’s employment challenge look like going forward?

Labour markets do not operate in vacuum. They are deeply affected by the demographics of an economy. If the working age population is increasing, it means a growing demand for jobs as well.

(AFP (Representational photo))
Updated on Apr 12, 2022 02:01 PM IST

The numbers behind India and Australia’s $100-billion trade target

The two countries are “negotiating a more comprehensive agreement on goods and services, which may also include movement of skilled and agricultural labourers to the continent”.

Union Minister for Commerce and Industry Piyush Goyal with Australia's Minister for Trade, Tourism and Investment Dan Tehan,(ANI)
Updated on Apr 11, 2022 08:38 PM IST

5 charts which explain the Sri Lanka economic crisis

High inflation and a sharp depreciation of the Sri Lankan currency appears to be the immediate cause of chaos.

Sri Lanka police officers stand guard on a road leading to the parliament building, after the government of President Gotabaya Rajapaksa lost its majority, amid the country's economic crisis, in Colombo, Sri Lanka.(REUTERS)
Updated on Apr 06, 2022 06:27 PM IST
By, Hindustan Times, New Delhi

The difference in public and private estimates of employment in India

India does not have official high-frequency employment data, unlike countries such as the US, where statistics on employment, hours of work, overtime work, weekly and hourly income are available every month.

According to PLFS data, the all-India average labour income in 2018-19 was <span class='webrupee'>₹</span>11,225 per month.
Updated on Apr 05, 2022 07:01 PM IST
By, New Delhi

Can UP’s economy achieve trillion-dollar target by ’27?

An HT analysis shows that it will take unprecedented economic growth to achieve this target.

Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath.(HT Photo)
Updated on Mar 21, 2022 10:43 AM IST

Key takeaways from the latest SRS data

SRS is the only official source of various demographic indicators in India except the census.

India is poised at a unique moment in history, where it can exploit its demographic advantage to realise its economic goals.(PTI)
Updated on Mar 15, 2022 06:09 PM IST
By, New Delhi
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