Contribution to early detection of breast cancer - Hindustan Times
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Contribution to early detection of breast cancer

ByHindustan Times
Oct 31, 2023 11:08 AM IST

This article is authored by Satyaki Banerjee, executive director and group chief operating officer, Trivitron Healthcare Private Limited.

Screening for breast cancer is an important public health initiative aimed at the early detection of breast cancer. Breast cancer is a prevalent and potentially life-threatening disease affecting millions of women worldwide. Advancement in medical technology has provided a powerful tool for early detection.

Breast Cancer Awareness(Photo by Angiola Harry on Unsplash) PREMIUM
Breast Cancer Awareness(Photo by Angiola Harry on Unsplash)

Mammography is a medical imaging technique designed to detect breast cancer in its early stages. It involves use of low-dose X-rays to capture images of the breast tissue, which are then examined for any abnormalities or signs of cancer. The use of mammography as a screening tool will be pivotal in reducing breast cancer mortality rates and significantly benefit public health as a whole as prognosis of breast care detected early is very good.

Early detection is important in the fight against breast cancer. When cancer is detected in its earliest stages, treatment options are often more effective, less invasive, and less costly. Mammography plays a central role in this process by enabling the identification of abnormalities and tumors long before they become symptomatic. By promoting early detection, mammography aids in reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with breast cancer.

Public health relies on preventive measures to promote overall well-being and reduce the burden of diseases. Mammography screening is a preventive measure that not only improves individual health outcomes but also has broader societal impacts. Undergoing mammography as a preventive screening or at the initial stages of cancer can reduce the economic and emotional burden that breast cancer places on families and health care systems. Preventing the progression of the disease from early to advanced stages translates to fewer aggressive treatments, shorter hospital stays, and lower health care costs. Ultimately, this benefits society by preserving resources for other healthcare needs.

Moreover, mammography screening can target vulnerable populations, contributing to health equity and reducing health disparities. Access to mammography services allows for the early detection of breast cancer in women from diverse backgrounds and socioeconomic statuses. By addressing disparities in access to care, public health programmes aim to ensure that all women, regardless of their social or economic circumstances, have the opportunity for early detection and timely treatment. In this way, mammography contributes to the overarching goal of reducing health care inequalities.

Early detection not only saves lives but also reduces the extensive financial costs associated with treatment of advanced-stage breast cancer. By focusing on prevention and early detection, it can improve the overall health and well-being of communities.

Mammography screening also facilitates the monitoring of breast cancer trends and epidemiology. Public health relies on accurate data to assess the prevalence of diseases, plan interventions, and allocate resources effectively. Mammography screening provides a wealth of information about the incidence and distribution of breast cancer. Analysing this data allows public health officials to adapt their strategies, target genetically predisposed populations, and respond to emerging trends. This proactive approach is vital for addressing the ever-evolving landscape of breast cancer.

Breast cancer awareness and education are integral components of public health campaigns, and mammography screening serves as a powerful tool in raising awareness about the importance of regular screenings, risk factors, and early detection. Public health initiatives promote informed decision-making by educating women about the benefits and limitations of mammography. Knowledge empowers individuals to take control of their health, make informed choices, and engage in shared decision-making with healthcare providers.

Public health campaigns promote breast self-exams and clinical breast examinations as complementary strategies to mammography, reinforcing the importance of ongoing vigilance.

Furthermore, the benefits of mammography extend to the psychological and emotional well-being of women. The reassurance of a normal mammogram result and the early detection of cancer provide peace of mind and reduce anxiety. The psychological impact of knowing that one's health is monitored and protected through regular screenings cannot be underestimated.

Mammography screening is a linchpin in the public health strategy for the early detection of breast cancer. Its significance goes beyond individual health, as it plays a pivotal role in reducing the societal burden of this disease. By facilitating early detection, promoting health equity, reducing healthcare disparities, and providing valuable data for public health planning, mammography is a crucial tool for preserving health and well-being. Public health initiatives focused on breast cancer emphasise the importance of education and awareness, empowering women to take charge of their health. In doing so, mammography screening exemplifies the multifaceted nature of public health, addressing physical, psychological, and societal well-being. The continued promotion and enhancement of mammography screening programmes are vital to further advance public health and reduce the impact of breast cancer on society.

This article is authored by Satyaki Banerjee, executive director and group chief operating officer, Trivitron Healthcare Private Limited.

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