Empowering excellence in diagnosis and disease detection - Hindustan Times

Empowering excellence in diagnosis and disease detection

ByHindustan Times
Jan 10, 2024 10:45 AM IST

This article is authored by Hariharan Subramanian, managing director, Siemens Healthcare Private Limited.

In the ever-changing landscape of health care, the pursuit of medical excellence has risen above traditional boundaries. The emphasis in health care today goes beyond the traditional way of treating diseases. It's all about innovating personalised care by improving diagnosis and detecting diseases more effectively.

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This transformative landscape of enhanced diagnosis and advanced disease detection explores how these advancements redefine the standards of medical excellence, paving the way for a future where precision and efficiency converge for the betterment of patient care.

Traditionally, medical diagnostics heavily relied on clinician expertise constraining clinicians from focusing on patient outcomes. However, the integration of advanced imaging techniques, genomics, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) has inaugurated a new era of precision diagnostics. Technologies like patient twinning will help furnish health care professionals with comprehensive information, enabling the identification of subtle issues. This enhanced diagnostic precision facilitates early problem detection, allowing for the formulation of personalised treatment plans.

One of the key drivers of enhanced diagnosis is the advancement of imaging technologies. High-resolution imaging methods, including Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT), and Positron Emission Tomography (PET), have evolved over the years to provide unparalleled insights into the complexities of the human body. These technologies not only enable the visualisation of anatomical structures but play a pivotal role in detecting subtle abnormalities and monitoring disease progression in real time.

In the pursuit of top-notch medical care, understanding a person's genetic make-up is crucial. Genomic medicine lets health care professionals study patient’s DNA to identify genetic variations linked to specific diseases. This information is not only instrumental in diagnosing hereditary conditions but also paves the way for personalised treatment strategies tailored to an individual's unique genetic profile.

Concurrently, AI is rapidly transforming India's health care sector, with projections indicating an expected expenditure of $11.78 billion by 2025 and a remarkable contribution of $1 trillion to the country's economy by 2035, according to a World Economic Forum report. The AI in the health care market is poised for substantial growth, forecasted to surge from $14.6 billion in 2023 to an impressive $102.7 billion by 2028.

In the realm of health care, AI plays a pivotal role in optimising time utilisation by automating mundane and routine tasks inherent in the daily clinical routine. This strategic application of AI not only saves valuable time but also empowers health care professionals to redirect their focus toward critical decision-making processes and the delivery of high-quality patient care. Smart algorithms can analyse large amounts of medical data, including imaging studies and genetic information, to identify patterns and anomalies that might elude the human eye. This not only expedites the diagnostic process but also enhances accuracy, reducing the margin for error.

Improving medical excellence through enhanced diagnosis goes hand in hand with the imperative of early disease detection. Detecting diseases in their early stages significantly improves the chances and opens doors to more effective treatment options. With advanced diagnostic tools, healthcare providers can identify conditions even before the symptoms show up, allowing interventions that can halt or mitigate disease progression.

The evolution of medical diagnostics has ushered in a transformative era in health care; however, it raises ethical concerns. Deploying these advancements must be done responsibly and fairly, ensuring that everyone has fair and universal access to diagnostic tools. In incorporating advanced technologies into health care, it's crucial to keep patient information secure. This involves putting strong security measures in place to make sure no one can access their details without necessary authorization. Additionally, it's important to check and fix any biases in the computer programs used for diagnostics, so that everyone is treated fairly. Striking the right balance between using these new technologies and doing what's fair and ethical is important for maintaining a healthcare system that is fair, secure, and treats everyone equally.

The enhancement of medical care through refined diagnosis and advanced disease detection signifies a substantial transformation in the health care sector. With advancing technology, the future holds the prospect of more precise, timely, and individualised health care interventions. Collaboration among health care professionals, decision-makers, and society at large is crucial to fostering a healthier and more resilient world.

This article is authored by Hariharan Subramanian, managing director, Siemens Healthcare Private Limited.

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