Innovations in cardiology: The future of heart disease treatment - Hindustan Times
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Innovations in cardiology: The future of heart disease treatment

Mar 07, 2024 03:01 PM IST

This article is authored by Dr. Niranjan Hiremath, senior consultant cardiovascular and aortic surgeon, Apollo Hospital, New Delhi.

From a pioneering angiogram to the modern marvels of hybrid surgery, cardiology has leapfrogged through the decades, showcasing the dynamic evolution of heart disease treatment. A flashback to the mid-1950s unveils a monumental moment when the heart-lung machine debuted in the United States of America, transforming the realm of cardiac surgery by introducing the possibility of operating on a still heart while a machine took over vital circulation functions.

Cardiology (representative image) PREMIUM
Cardiology (representative image)

Today's cardiological interventions bear little resemblance to their historical counterparts. The strides made in this medical field are palpable in the shift towards minimally invasive procedures. Stent insertions and balloon angioplasty have become commonplace, addressing coronary blockages with precision and minimal patient discomfort.

However, the jewel in the crown of recent cardiological innovation is Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI). This groundbreaking procedure has been expanded to treat mitral and tricuspid valves, further broadening its impact.

The advancements do not end there. Aortic surgery, once a daunting prospect involving extensive incisions, now often utilises a blend of grafts and stents in concert with open surgery – a hybrid approach. Such techniques significantly truncate recovery times and enhance patient outcomes, marking a new chapter in the surgical treatment of heart disease.

The availability of these cutting-edge treatments in India mirrors the global progress in cardiac care and underscores the country's commitment to embracing and advancing medical innovation. These contemporary techniques are not just milestones in cardiology; they epitomise the future of heart disease treatment. As cardiology continues to evolve, the focus remains on developing and refining treatments that offer patients safer, quicker, and more effective recovery. The trajectory of cardiology's evolution suggests a future where heart disease management is markedly less invasive and significantly more patient-friendly.

The future of cardiology promises further innovations, potentially redefining heart disease treatment as we know it. With ongoing research and development, the next generation of cardiac therapies may soon emerge, offering patients and practitioners alike new hope and tools in the fight against heart disease.

This article is authored by Dr. Niranjan Hiremath, senior consultant cardiovascular and aortic surgeon, Apollo Hospital, New Delhi.

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