Understanding diabetes, health tips to manage it | Hindustan Times
close_game
close_game

Understanding diabetes, health tips to manage it

Updated On May 26, 2022 01:35 PM IST

Diabetes is a chronic disease that is characterised by increased blood sugar levels. Doctor reveals all you need to know about diabetes and health tips to manage it

1 / 8
The burden of diabetes is increasing rapidly worldwide with the second largest number of people with diabetes living in India. As per the latest data by International Diabetes Foundation (IDF), there are more than 74.2 million adults living with diabetes in India and almost 53.1% of diabetic people are still not aware of their condition, decreasing their of treatment and increasing their risk of complications. The prevalence of diabetes is high in urban areas especially large metropolitan cities as compared to rural areas. Since diabetes is a lifelong disease with no permanent cure, the best way to deal with it is to prevent or manage the disease to stay healthy. (Image by Steve Buissinne from Pixabay ) expand-icon View Photos in a new improved layout
Updated on May 26, 2022 01:35 PM IST

The burden of diabetes is increasing rapidly worldwide with the second largest number of people with diabetes living in India. As per the latest data by International Diabetes Foundation (IDF), there are more than 74.2 million adults living with diabetes in India and almost 53.1% of diabetic people are still not aware of their condition, decreasing their of treatment and increasing their risk of complications. The prevalence of diabetes is high in urban areas especially large metropolitan cities as compared to rural areas. Since diabetes is a lifelong disease with no permanent cure, the best way to deal with it is to prevent or manage the disease to stay healthy. (Image by Steve Buissinne from Pixabay )

2 / 8
What is Diabetes? In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Ashutosh Goyal, Senior Consultant- Endocrinology at Gurugram's Paras Hospitals, explained, “Diabetes is a chronic disease that is characterized by increased blood sugar levels. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin or the body doesn’t respond well to insulin There are 3 main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is the major type of diabetes in children and occurs when the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas are destroyed by the immune system. The onset is sudden and cannot be prevented through diet or lifestyle, though they are helpful in managing the condition. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and accounts for 90% of the diabetes. Though people with type 2 diabetes do produce insulin but either their bodies are resistant to it or the insulin is not produced in sufficient amount. Gestational diabetes is commonly triggered by pregnancy. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can affect insulin's ability to work properly. The condition occurs in up to 9% of all pregnancies.” (Getty Images) expand-icon View Photos in a new improved layout
Updated on May 26, 2022 01:35 PM IST

What is Diabetes? In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Ashutosh Goyal, Senior Consultant- Endocrinology at Gurugram's Paras Hospitals, explained, “Diabetes is a chronic disease that is characterized by increased blood sugar levels. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin or the body doesn’t respond well to insulin There are 3 main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is the major type of diabetes in children and occurs when the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas are destroyed by the immune system. The onset is sudden and cannot be prevented through diet or lifestyle, though they are helpful in managing the condition. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and accounts for 90% of the diabetes. Though people with type 2 diabetes do produce insulin but either their bodies are resistant to it or the insulin is not produced in sufficient amount. Gestational diabetes is commonly triggered by pregnancy. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can affect insulin's ability to work properly. The condition occurs in up to 9% of all pregnancies.” (Getty Images)

3 / 8
Living with diabetes can be challenging, however, with certain lifestyle modifications, the disease can be managed effectively. Dr Ashutosh Goyal listed some of the ways to manage diabetes (Representative image) expand-icon View Photos in a new improved layout
Updated on May 26, 2022 01:35 PM IST

Living with diabetes can be challenging, however, with certain lifestyle modifications, the disease can be managed effectively. Dr Ashutosh Goyal listed some of the ways to manage diabetes (Representative image)

4 / 8
1. Healthy Eating - Healthy eating forms the base of healthy living – with or without diabetes. For those with diabetes, it is important to maintain a well-balanced diet with the right mix of vegetables, fruits, starches, fats and proteins. Some carbohydrates, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains, are better for diabetics than others. These foods are low in carbohydrates and have fibre that helps keep the blood sugar levels more stable. (Shutterstock) expand-icon View Photos in a new improved layout
Updated on May 26, 2022 01:35 PM IST

1. Healthy Eating - Healthy eating forms the base of healthy living – with or without diabetes. For those with diabetes, it is important to maintain a well-balanced diet with the right mix of vegetables, fruits, starches, fats and proteins. Some carbohydrates, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains, are better for diabetics than others. These foods are low in carbohydrates and have fibre that helps keep the blood sugar levels more stable. (Shutterstock)

5 / 8
2. Exercise - As per the American Diabetes Association, every person should engage in 150 minutes/week of exercise. This is applicable to people with diabetes as well as those who don't have the disease. Including strength training in the workout regimen is important to increase insulin sensitivity. Progressive and structured strength training improves how the body uses insulin and allows glucose to get around the body better. (Photo by Bruce Mars on Unsplash) expand-icon View Photos in a new improved layout
Updated on May 26, 2022 01:35 PM IST

2. Exercise - As per the American Diabetes Association, every person should engage in 150 minutes/week of exercise. This is applicable to people with diabetes as well as those who don't have the disease. Including strength training in the workout regimen is important to increase insulin sensitivity. Progressive and structured strength training improves how the body uses insulin and allows glucose to get around the body better. (Photo by Bruce Mars on Unsplash)

6 / 8
3. Good Sleep - Lack of sleep or sleeping at irregular hours can cause the ‘body clock’ to malfunction and consequently affects the biological processes such as the secretion of insulin. It is crucial to get good, restful sleep daily. Equally important is for diabetics to go to bed and get up at the same time so that the body is fully in sync with the body clock. (Shotshop/IMAGO) expand-icon View Photos in a new improved layout
Updated on May 26, 2022 01:35 PM IST

3. Good Sleep - Lack of sleep or sleeping at irregular hours can cause the ‘body clock’ to malfunction and consequently affects the biological processes such as the secretion of insulin. It is crucial to get good, restful sleep daily. Equally important is for diabetics to go to bed and get up at the same time so that the body is fully in sync with the body clock. (Shotshop/IMAGO)

7 / 8
4. Medication - Insulin and other medications are required to lower the blood sugar levels when diet and exercise aren’t sufficient. However, the effectiveness of these medications depends on the timing and size of the dose. Also, it is essential to store insulin properly since these are sensitive to extreme temperatures. It is also advisable to check with the doctor before taking any medications.  (AP Photo/John Locher) expand-icon View Photos in a new improved layout
Updated on May 26, 2022 01:35 PM IST

4. Medication - Insulin and other medications are required to lower the blood sugar levels when diet and exercise aren’t sufficient. However, the effectiveness of these medications depends on the timing and size of the dose. Also, it is essential to store insulin properly since these are sensitive to extreme temperatures. It is also advisable to check with the doctor before taking any medications.  (AP Photo/John Locher)

8 / 8
As per ADA, diabetes leads to more deaths every year than breast cancer and AIDS combined and having diabetes nearly doubles the chances of having a heart attack. Luckily, there are different ways to keep the disease in check through lifestyle modifications and medications to live a happy, healthy life.  (HT FILE PHOTO) expand-icon View Photos in a new improved layout
Updated on May 26, 2022 01:35 PM IST

As per ADA, diabetes leads to more deaths every year than breast cancer and AIDS combined and having diabetes nearly doubles the chances of having a heart attack. Luckily, there are different ways to keep the disease in check through lifestyle modifications and medications to live a happy, healthy life.  (HT FILE PHOTO)

SHARE
Story Saved
Live Score
Saved Articles
Following
My Reads
Sign out
New Delhi 0C
Tuesday, May 28, 2024
Start 14 Days Free Trial Subscribe Now
Follow Us On