Does redevelopment of old buildings impact housing prices and rentals in Mumbai? - Hindustan Times
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Does redevelopment of old buildings impact housing prices and rentals in Mumbai?

ByMehul R Thakkar
Jun 13, 2024 12:09 PM IST

Despite supply going up post COVID-19, realtors in Mumbai continue to find it lucrative to launch redevelopment projects as both prices and rents have shot up

Mumbai’s changing skyline seems to suggest that the city is fast becoming like New York. Thanks to redevelopment, there’s a new skyscraper that comes up in the city every now and then. There’s also a surge in several listed developers taking up redevelopment of old buildings despite there being a massive increase in housing supply that came up after Covid-19.

There’s a surge in several listed developers taking up redevelopment of old buildings in Mumbai despite there being a massive increase in housing supply that came up after Covid-19.(Mehul R Thakkar)
There’s a surge in several listed developers taking up redevelopment of old buildings in Mumbai despite there being a massive increase in housing supply that came up after Covid-19.(Mehul R Thakkar)

According to real estate experts, this has not only resulted in capital values of apartments going up by 40-50% post redevelopment of old buildings but rents too have hit the roof since the last three years.

Listed developers taking up redevelopment of old buildings in Mumbai

On June 10, two listed developers Raymond Realty, the real estate arm of Raymond Group and Man Infra Construction Limited (MICL) Group, announced acquisition of two old buildings in Bandra East area of Mumbai.

Also read: Mumbai redevelopment news: Raymond Realty wins redevelopment project in Bandra with 2,000 crore revenue potential

Raymond Realty said that it has been selected to redevelop a housing project in Bandra east area of Mumbai with an estimated revenue potential of more than 2,000 crore. Earlier, the company had signed three joint development agreements for projects in Mahim, Sion and Bandra with an estimated development value of over 5000 crore.

Also read: Mumbai real estate market: Here’s why listed realtors are making a beeline for redevelopment projects

MICL also announced acquisition of a redevelopment project in Kalanagar area of Bandra east in Mumbai. The company said the project will be an ultra luxury one with a potential for construction of 5 lakh sq ft. The project is located close to the Bandra Kurla Complex (BKC), India's costliest commercial business district.

Last month, Oberoi Realty had announced that it will redevelop seven old buildings having 504 flats in the Adarsh Nagar area of Worli, Mumbai. In return, Oberoi Realty will get 6.24 lakh sq ft RERA carpet to be sold in the open market.

Also read: Office buildings in Mumbai’s Bandra Kurla Complex command higher prices than Manhattan

In April 2024, Bengaluru-based real estate developer Puravankara Ltd was appointed as developer for Mumbai’s Pali Hill redevelopment project. The project has a cumulative estimated development potential of 4.10 lakh sq ft carpet area, with over 2.15 lakh sq ft available for sale, and a potential Gross Development Value (GDV) of over 2,000 crore, the company said.

Why are developers rushing to grab the redevelopment pie in Mumbai?

Mumbai is a land-starved city and the only way realtors can develop new projects is by undertaking redevelopment.

In Mumbai. Rustomjee Group, Raymond Realty, MICL, Oberoi Realty, Ajmera Realty. Bengaluru-based Prestige Group, Puravankara, Kolte Patil Developers are among the few listed real estate developers that have redevelopment projects in their portfolio.

Boman Irani, chairman and managing director of Rustomjee Developers, in July 2023 had said that the company's exposure to redevelopment projects was 11% at the time of going in for its IPO in November 2022, and that the share may go up to 30% going forward.

During the Q4FY24 earnings call, Irani had told investors that his company had added 15 new developments (projects) in the last two financial years, out of which 12 are redevelopment projects.

Impact of redevelopment on capital values and rentals in Mumbai

According to developers and consultants, the rental values and rental yields of projects have gone up in Mumbai with several old buildings going in for redevelopment.

"With demand for rental accommodation far exceeding supply, rentals have gone up in the city. This is because if a housing society with 100 flats goes for redevelopment, all 100 homeowners will not be able to get a house on rent in Mulund itself. At least 20% may have to look for options outside of Mulund as they do not have much choice," said Vishal Thakkar, partner at Mumbai-based real estate firm Prem Group.

"In terms of capital values, if one were to consider the cost of an apartment to be around 1 crore before redevelopment, after redevelopment the same apartment may cost 1.40 to 1.60 crore with more space. One may say that this redevelopment-induced demand and supply may not be sustainable for the long term but the fact remains that the base price of apartments, be it rentals or outright sale, is bound to go up," said Thakkar.

Mumbai had the country’s second highest rental yield of 4.15% in Q1 2024 among top 11 cities as against 3.5% back in 2019 – a 19% growth, according to ANAROCK, a real estate consultancy firm. According to experts, this increase in rental yields post Covid-19 times is largely on account of redevelopment-induced demand for homes.

Also Read: Bengaluru tops list of cities with highest rental yield of 4.45% in Q1 2024; Mumbai second with 4.15%

In Mumbai, Chembur and Mulund witnessed 4% growth in rentals. In Chembur, the average rental rates in Q1 2024 stood at approximately 62,500 per month as against 60,000 per month back in Q4 2023, according to ANAROCK.

"Mumbai faces a shortage of land for greenfield development due to rising population and rapid urbanization. Thus, the imbalance in demand-supply within a dense micro market creates a rental inflationary scenario," said Niranjan Hiranandani, chairman of Hiranandani Group.

"This flurry of redevelopment projects will push up the rental indexes until they are completed. Also, the back-to-work phenomenon has prompted migrant workers to return to cities, adding further pressure to the demand curve. This has resulted in a nearly 15% increase in the rental price index, which is expected to continue. All these factors will sustain redevelopment-led rental market buoyancy," Hiranandani added.

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