Euclid telescope sends back first images of cosmos from ‘dark universe’ mission - Hindustan Times
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Euclid space telescope sends back first colour images of cosmos from ‘dark universe’ mission

ByArya Vaishnavi
Nov 07, 2023 09:47 PM IST

Stunning images of the ‘dark universe’ have been sent back by the Euclid space telescope

The first images sent back by the Euclid space telescope from its “dark universe” mission have been revealed. On Tuesday, November 7, astronomers hailed the powerful space telescope, which captured detailed colour images of the cosmos. The Euclid telescope's initial release includes five space observations made from its orbital home, 1 million miles or 1.5 million km away from the Earth. Before unveiling the pictures Euclid project scientist René Laureijs said, “We have never seen astronomical images like this before, containing so much detail.”

Euclid's view of the Horsehead Nebula(ESA)
Euclid's view of the Horsehead Nebula(ESA)

“They are even more beautiful and sharp than we could have hoped for, showing us many previously unseen features in well-known areas of the nearby universe,” Laureijs added. Back in July, the European Space Agency first launched the Euclid telescope, calling it their “dark universe detective.” According to the ESA, Euclid will observe the shapes, distances, and motions of billions of galaxies spanning over 10 billion light-years over the next six years. This will lead to the creation of the largest cosmic 3D map ever made with the primary goal of observing dark matter and dark energy in the cosmos.

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Globular cluster NGC 6397

Globular cluster NGC 6397(European Space Agency/ESA)
Globular cluster NGC 6397(European Space Agency/ESA)

Perseus cluster of galaxies

Perseus cluster of galaxies(ESA)
Perseus cluster of galaxies(ESA)

ESA's director of science Carole Mundell said before revealing the high-quality pictures, “I'm absolutely delighted to say that is the point where we say that we have reached all of our engineering milestones for the mission and we're now able to move into the science phase.” In a never-seen-before series of pictures, the striking Perseus Cluster and its 1,000 galaxies, along with its 100,000 additional distant galaxies in the background can be seen in an unfathomable detail. The space telescope also observed spiral galaxy IC 342 a.k.a “The Hidden Galaxy.”

Spiral galaxy IC 342/ ‘The Hidden Galaxy’

The Hidden Galaxy(ESA)
The Hidden Galaxy(ESA)

According to a statement released by Matthias Kluge, a scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching and the Ludwig Maximilian University, “With Euclid’s huge field of view and its high sensitivity, the galaxies in the Perseus Galaxy Cluster can be measured down to their outermost and faintest regions. Together with the numerous globular clusters that we discover in the razor-sharp images, we thus gain new insights into the late stages of galaxy evolution, when galaxies collide and merge,” as per CNN.

Horsehead Nebula

Horsehead Nebula(ESA)
Horsehead Nebula(ESA)

Irregular galaxy NGC 6822

Irregular galaxy NGC 6822(ESA)
Irregular galaxy NGC 6822(ESA)
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